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Dementia – Improve socialisation, reduce loneliness, improve global well-being

Improve socialisation, reduce loneliness, improve global well-being

Evidence summary

There is some qualitative evidence for the benefit of physical activity and exercise participation to reduce loneliness and social isolation.

There is some evidence for combined mental activity and exercise interventions for promotion of quality of life and well-being.

There is limited systematic review evidence of benefits of physical activity to improve global well-being.

Expert opinion recommends physical activity and exercise participant to maintain social contact, reduce loneliness and promote sense-of-self for individuals with cognitive decline.

Quality of evidence

Weak – there is significant heterogeneity in study design and outcomes used looking at global well-being. No longitudinal or comparison studies look at benefits of physical activity for reducing loneliness and promoting social engagement.

Strength of recommendation

Low – for individuals with established diagnosis of dementia.

Strong – from expert opinion, qualitative opinion from patients and cares support rationale for physical activity participant to maintain social contact, reduce loneliness and promote sense-of-self.

Conclusion

Consider options to promote activity to maintain participation in groups and family based activities, and facilitate individuals with cognitive decline to remain engaged within their social network to reduce loneliness, promote sense of self and global well-being.

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