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Evidence finder

Patient Type
Adult
Condition
Amputee
Evidence

Improves balance and balance confidence

Improves cardiopulmonary function

Improves lower limb strength

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves self esteem

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduces back pain

Reduces morbidity and mortality

Reduces risk of falls

COPD
Evidence

Able to walk further

Decreased co-morbidities

Decreased time in hospital /bad days

Feeling more energetic / Less Fatigued

Improved Quality of Life

Improves Balance/Falls

Improves Mood

Increased Confidence and increased self esteem

Increased Independence

Increased strength

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Living well for longer

Reduced feeling of breathlessness

Reduced number of exacerbations

Cancer
Evidence

Helps body composition

Helps depression

Helps lymphoedema

Helps restore wellbeing

Improves cancer-related fatigue

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness

Improves cognitive function

Improves menopausal symptoms

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves sleep quality

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Physical activity has been shown to reduce the length of hospital stay in cancer patients

Reduces post-operative complications

Dementia
Evidence

Improve socialisation, reduce loneliness, improve global well-being

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Prevent frailty, falls and improve mobility

Promoting brain health and reducing risk of dementia and cognitive decline

Reduce stress, reduce anxiety and improve mood

Depression
Evidence

Improves cognition

Improves mood

Improves motivation

Improves self confidence

Improves sleep

Less fatigue and improves energy levels

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Moderates appetite

Reduces sickness absence in the short-term for mild to moderate depression

Reduces social isolation

Reduces stress level

Falls and Frailty
Evidence

Better balance

Faster walking speed

Improves functional ability

Improves the ability to perform activities of daily living

Increased muscle strength

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduces falls and falls risk

Reduces falls related injuries

Reduces severity and progression of frailty

Hospital Associated Deconditioning
Evidence

Improves muscle strength

Improves the ability to perform day to day activities

Improves walking and movement

Keep the brain and mind working well

Keep the brain and mind working well

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

May increase likelihood of being discharged home

May reduce length of stay in hospital

May reduce risk of delirium

May reduce risk of urinary incontinence

No evidence that causes harm

Inflammatory Rheumatic Disease
Evidence

Enhance mood

Get a better night’s sleep

Improve Muscle Strength

Improve your ability to carry out daily activities

Improves Disease activity

Improves fitness

Improves lung function

Improves mood

Improves quality of life

Keep your neck and back flexible

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Maintain ability to carry out everyday activities

Manage Fatigue

Manage fatigue, pain and stiffness

Reduce pain

You get a better night sleep

Ischaemic Heart Disease
Evidence

Helps prevent early death and hospital admissions

Helps prevent fatigue and stress

Helps to prevent Development of Heart Failure

Helps to prevent Inflammation within blood vessels

Helps to prevent Risk of a further heart attacks

Improves energy, fitness and quality of life

Improves how effectively your heart beats

Improves the blood flow around the body

Improves the perception of chest pain

Increased blood flow to the heart

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Lowers risk factors eg Cholesterol, Diabetes, High blood pressure

Makes you live longer

MSK Pain
Evidence

Improves fitness

Improves general health

Improves general wellbeing

Improves mental health

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves self-efficacy

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduces frequency of painful episodes

Reduces pain

Reduces stiffness

Reduces work absence

Parkinson’s
Evidence

Can decrease gait freezing

Can reduce muscle fatigue

Can reduce tremor

Improves Quality of Life and the ability to do everyday activities

Improves balance and reduces falls

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness

Improves gait, walking speed and endurance

Improves mood and confidence, reduces anxiety

Improves sleep

Improves strength

Keeps the brain and mind working well

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

May delay progression of Parkinson’s, reduce the need for medications to be started or increased

Physical Activity is safe

Postnatal
Evidence

Improved blood pressure control and benefits for the cardiovascular system

Improved cardiovascular fitness

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises

Pregnancy
Evidence

Helps control weight gain

Helps prevent blood pressure problems

Helps prevent diabetes of pregnancy

Helps sleep

Improves fitness

Improves mental wellbeing

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Primary Prevention
Evidence

Improves cognitive function

Improves mental health

Improves mood

Live longer

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Maintains healthy weight

Reduces chance of falls

Stroke
Evidence

Better mobility

Improved Mood

Improved balance

Improved fitness

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduced risk of further stroke

Type 2 Diabetes
Evidence

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Young Person
Condition
Asthma
Evidence

Enjoyment of exercise

Improvement in peak flow readings

Improves quality of life

Improving physical and cardiovascular fitness

Improving strength

No worsening of symptoms

Reducing asthma symptoms

Reducing breathlessness and perceived effort during physical activity

Reducing inflammatory blood markers

Weight loss

Cancer
Evidence

Decreased fatigue

Helps anxiety

Helps body composition

Helps depression

Helps lymphoedema

Helps restore wellbeing

Improved psychological health

Improvement in Cardio-pulmonary fitness

Improvement in body composition and BMI

Improvement in musculoskeletal health

Improvement in quality of life

Improves cancer-related fatigue

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness

Improves cognitive function

Improves menopausal symptoms

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves sleep quality

Physical activity has been shown to reduce the length of hospital stay in cancer patients

Reduces post-operative complications

Diabetes
Evidence

Helps improve diabetes control (reduces HbA1C)

Improves body composition

Improves bone mineral density

Improves cardiovascular fitness and reduces overall mortality

Improves lipid profile

Reduces amount of insulin needed (improves insulin sensitivity)

Reduces risk of hypoglycaemia, particularly severe hypoglycaemia

Epilepsy
Evidence

Improve growth and bone mass

Improves mental well-being

Improves psychosocial health in children

Mental Health
Evidence

Children and adolescents who participate in sporting activity can have lower symptoms of depression

Exercise can be an effective treatment option for adolescents diagnosed with depression.

Higher levels of sport and physical activity and lower levels of sedentary activity are associated with fewer symptoms of depression in the future

Physical activity can improve body image for children and adolescents

Physical activity can improve self-esteem for children and adolescents

Physical activity can reduce symptoms of anxiety for children and adolescents

Physical activity to improve school life satisfaction

Symptoms of depression are often in lower in children and adolescents who are more physically active

Obesity
Evidence

Improved biochemical markers

Improved body composition

Improved bone health

Improved cardiovascular health

Improved cognitive health

Improved mental health

Child
Condition
Asthma
Evidence

Enjoyment of exercise

Improvement in peak flow readings

Improves quality of life

Improving physical and cardiovascular fitness

Improving strength

No worsening of symptoms

Reducing asthma symptoms

Reducing breathlessness and perceived effort during physical activity

Reducing inflammatory blood markers

Weight loss

Cancer
Evidence

Decreased fatigue

Improved psychological health

Improvement in Cardio-pulmonary fitness

Improvement in body composition and BMI

Improvement in musculoskeletal health

Improvement in quality of life

Diabetes
Evidence

Helps improve diabetes control (reduces HbA1C)

Improves body composition

Improves bone mineral density

Improves cardiovascular fitness and reduces overall mortality

Improves lipid profile

Reduces amount of insulin needed (improves insulin sensitivity)

Reduces risk of hypoglycaemia, particularly severe hypoglycaemia

Epilepsy
Evidence

Improve growth and bone mass

Improves mental well-being

Improves psychosocial health in children

Mental Health
Evidence

Exercise can be an effective treatment option for adolescents diagnosed with depression.

Higher levels of sport and physical activity and lower levels of sedentary activity are associated with fewer symptoms of depression in the future

Physical activity can improve body image for children and adolescents

Physical activity can improve self-esteem for children and adolescents

Physical activity can reduce symptoms of anxiety for children and adolescents

Physical activity to improve school life satisfaction

Symptoms of depression are often in lower in children and adolescents who are more physically active

Obesity
Evidence

Improved biochemical markers

Improved body composition

Improved bone health

Improved cardiovascular health

Improved cognitive health

Improved mental health

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