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Evidence finder

Patient Type
Adult
Condition
Amputee
Evidence

Improves balance and balance confidence

Improves cardiopulmonary function

Improves physical function

Improves self esteem

Improves quality of life

Reduces morbidity and mortality

Improves lower limb strength

Reduces back pain

Reduces risk of falls

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Cancer
Evidence

Helps body composition

Helps depression

Helps lymphoedema

Helps restore wellbeing

Improves cancer-related fatigue

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness

Improves cognitive function

Improves menopausal symptoms

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves sleep quality

Physical activity has been shown to reduce the length of hospital stay in cancer patients

Reduces post-operative complications

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

COPD
Evidence

Able to walk further

Decreased co-morbidities

Decreased time in hospital /bad days

Feeling more energetic / Less Fatigued

Improved Quality of Life

Improves Balance/Falls

Improves Mood

Increased Confidence and increased self esteem

Increased Independence

Increased strength

Living well for longer

Reduced feeling of breathlessness

Reduced number of exacerbations

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Dementia
Evidence

Improve socialisation, reduce loneliness, improve global well-being

Prevent frailty, falls and improve mobility

Promoting brain health and reducing risk of dementia and cognitive decline

Reduce stress, reduce anxiety and improve mood

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Depression
Evidence

Improves cognition

Improves mood

Improves motivation

Improves self confidence

Improves sleep

Less fatigue and improves energy levels

Moderates appetite

Reduces sickness absence in the short-term for mild to moderate depression

Reduces social isolation

Reduces stress level

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Falls and Frailty
Evidence

Better balance

Faster walking speed

Improves functional ability

Improves the ability to perform activities of daily living

Increased muscle strength

Reduces falls and falls risk

Reduces falls related injuries

Reduces severity and progression of frailty

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Ischaemic Heart Disease
Evidence

Helps prevent early death and hospital admissions

Helps prevent fatigue and stress

Improves energy, fitness and quality of life

Improves the blood flow around the body

Lowers risk factors eg Cholesterol, Diabetes, High blood pressure

Makes you live longer

Helps to prevent Inflammation within blood vessels

Improves how effectively your heart beats

Improves the perception of chest pain

Helps to prevent Development of Heart Failure

Helps to prevent Risk of a further heart attacks

Increased blood flow to the heart

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Inflammatory Rheumatic Disease
Evidence

Improves fitness

Improves lung function

Improves mood

Keep your neck and back flexible

Maintain ability to carry out everyday activities

Manage fatigue, pain and stiffness

You get a better night sleep

Enhance mood

Improve your ability to carry out daily activities

Improves Disease activity

Manage Fatigue

Get a better night’s sleep

Improve Muscle Strength

Improves quality of life

Reduce pain

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

MSK
Evidence

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Improves fitness

Improves general wellbeing

Improves mental health

Improves quality of life

Reduces frequency of painful episodes

Reduces stiffness

Reduces work absence

Improves self-efficacy

Improves general health

Improves physical function

Reduces pain

Pregnancy
Evidence

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Helps control weight gain

Helps prevent blood pressure problems

Helps prevent diabetes of pregnancy

Helps sleep

Improves fitness

Improves mental wellbeing

Primary Prevention
Evidence

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Improves cognitive function

Improves mental health

Improves mood

Live longer

Maintains healthy weight

Reduces chance of falls

Stroke
Evidence

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Better mobility

Improved balance

Improved fitness

Improved Mood

Reduced risk of further stroke

Type 2 Diabetes
Evidence

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Young Person
Condition
Cancer
Evidence

Helps anxiety

Helps body composition

Helps depression

Helps lymphoedema

Helps restore wellbeing

Improves cancer-related fatigue

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness

Improves cognitive function

Improves menopausal symptoms

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves sleep quality

Physical activity has been shown to reduce the length of hospital stay in cancer patients

Reduces post-operative complications

Decreased fatigue

Improved psychological health

Improvement in body composition and BMI

Improvement in Cardio-pulmonary fitness

Improvement in musculoskeletal health

Improvement in quality of life

Asthma
Evidence

Enjoyment of exercise

Improvement in peak flow readings

Improves quality of life

Improving physical and cardiovascular fitness

Improving strength

No worsening of symptoms

Reducing asthma symptoms

Reducing breathlessness and perceived effort during physical activity

Reducing inflammatory blood markers

Weight loss

Diabetes
Evidence

Helps improve diabetes control (reduces HbA1C)

Improves body composition

Improves bone mineral density

Improves cardiovascular fitness and reduces overall mortality

Improves lipid profile

Reduces amount of insulin needed (improves insulin sensitivity)

Reduces risk of hypoglycaemia, particularly severe hypoglycaemia

Epilepsy
Evidence

Improve growth and bone mass

Improves mental well-being

Improves psychosocial health in children

Mental Health
Evidence

Exercise can be an effective treatment option for adolescents diagnosed with depression.

Physical activity can reduce symptoms of anxiety for children and adolescents

Children and adolescents who participate in sporting activity can have lower symptoms of depression

Higher levels of sport and physical activity and lower levels of sedentary activity are associated with fewer symptoms of depression in the future

Physical activity can improve body image for children and adolescents

Physical activity can improve self-esteem for children and adolescents

Physical activity to improve school life satisfaction

Symptoms of depression are often in lower in children and adolescents who are more physically active

Obesity
Evidence

Improved biochemical markers

Improved body composition

Improved bone health

Improved cardiovascular health

Improved cognitive health

Improved mental health

Child
Condition
Asthma
Evidence

Enjoyment of exercise

Improvement in peak flow readings

Improves quality of life

Improving physical and cardiovascular fitness

Improving strength

No worsening of symptoms

Reducing asthma symptoms

Reducing breathlessness and perceived effort during physical activity

Reducing inflammatory blood markers

Weight loss

Diabetes
Evidence

Helps improve diabetes control (reduces HbA1C)

Improves body composition

Improves bone mineral density

Improves cardiovascular fitness and reduces overall mortality

Improves lipid profile

Reduces amount of insulin needed (improves insulin sensitivity)

Reduces risk of hypoglycaemia, particularly severe hypoglycaemia

Epilepsy
Evidence

Improve growth and bone mass

Improves mental well-being

Improves psychosocial health in children

Mental Health
Evidence

Exercise can be an effective treatment option for adolescents diagnosed with depression.

Physical activity can reduce symptoms of anxiety for children and adolescents

Higher levels of sport and physical activity and lower levels of sedentary activity are associated with fewer symptoms of depression in the future

Physical activity can improve body image for children and adolescents

Physical activity can improve self-esteem for children and adolescents

Physical activity to improve school life satisfaction

Symptoms of depression are often in lower in children and adolescents who are more physically active

Obesity
Evidence

Improved biochemical markers

Improved body composition

Improved bone health

Improved cardiovascular health

Improved cognitive health

Improved mental health

Cancer
Evidence

Decreased fatigue

Improved psychological health

Improvement in body composition and BMI

Improvement in Cardio-pulmonary fitness

Improvement in musculoskeletal health

Improvement in quality of life