Reduces need for medications
Structured programmes incorporating aerobic, resistance or combination of exercise can reduce HBA1c by up to 0.9% (Umpierre et al., 2011). Regular exercise can therefore reduce need for or dose of medications in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Quality of evidence
Strength of recommendation
Although the supporting evidence base is of low quality, this is a strong recommendation for most people with type 2 diabetes.
Umpierre D, Ribeiro PA, Kramer CK, Leitão CB, Zucatti AT, Azevedo MJ, Gross JL, Ribeiro JP, Schaan BD. Physical activity advice only or structured exercise training and association with HbA1c levels in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2011 May 4;305(17):1790-9.